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The American Civil War

The American civil war (1861-1865) was fought between the Confederate States of America (CSA) including 11 Southern states and the Union or the United States including 23 Northern states. The american civil war was result of the deep economic, social, and political differences the Southern states, also referred to as the South and the Northern states, often referred to as the North or Union.

The clashes of the Northern and the Southern opinions on slavery and the American constitution led to the american civil war. The Southern states were in favor of slavery and they wanted more autonomous powers for the states, but on the contrary, the Northern states were in favor of abolition of slavery and wanted more powers for the federal government. Thus, Southern states decided to form an independent nation.

Steered by the President Jefferson Davis, the South or 11 Southern states declared their right to secession and constituted Confederate States of America (CSA); the South or 11 Southern states in the american civil war including South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee.

However, the Union or the North, led by President Lincoln and the Republican Party rejected the South's any right of secession; the Union states or the 23 Northern states in the american civil war included California, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Delaware (border state), Kentucky (border state), Maryland (border state), Missouri (border state), West Virginia(border state), and Wisconsin (border state).

The American civil war began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces assaulted a federal military installation at Fort Sumter in South Carolina, the first state to secede. During the first year of the american civil war, the Union maintained control of the Border States and built a navy barrier and large ground forces were raised on the both sides.

The American civil war turned immensely bloody in 1862, causing substantial casualties due to inconsistency between novel weapon system and old battleground tactics. The freedom of slaves in the South became the goal of the american civil war goal with Lincoln's liberation announcement in September 1862. Robert E. Lee was the confederate general, and Ulysses S. Grant was the leading Union general in the american civil war.

Lee was commanding the Army of Northern Virginia and piled up a chain of triumphs over the Potomac Army, but lost his best general, Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson in the Battle of Chancellorsville in the american civil war in May 1863. Grant fought several bloody battles of the the american civil war with Lee in Virginia in the summer of 1864. The fall of the Confederacy, after Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House in 1865 marked the ending of the american civil war.