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American Civil War

The civil war fought between the Northern and the Southern states of the America from 1861 to 1865 is known as american civil war. The american civil war was upshot of the clash between the North and South. The South including 11 southern states had a number of economic, social, and political differences with the North or the Union including 23 northern or union states, and these differences resulted in the american civil war.

The South wanted an independent nation because they were in favor of slavery and were not in favor or giving more powers to the federal government, but the North opponents were against slavery and were in favor of strong federal setup. This resulted in the formation of two adversaries of the american civil war. Headed by the President Jefferson Davis, the South or 11 Southern states declared their secession from the Union and formed Confederate States of America (CSA). However, the North or the Union led by President Lincoln and the Republican Party opposed slavery and rejected the South's right of secession.

South Carolina, the first state to secede, thru a special convention announced, “the Union now existing between South Carolina and other states under the name of the ‘United States of America’ is hereby faded away.” This set the battle ground of the american civil war. The South included 7 states including South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas by the February 1, 1861.

On March 4, 1861, Abraham Lincoln was kicked off as President of the United States; on that day, he appealed that he had no intent to encroach upon southern states, but would use force to maintain ownership of federal property. The South, especially South Carolina, dismissed Lincoln's appeal, and as a result on April 12 1861, the South attacked upon the Federal troops that were stationed at Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. This started the actual action of the american civil war. By the June 8, 1861, the states of Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee also did join the camp of the South in the american civil war.

Robert E. Lee was prominent commanding general of the CSA forces in the american civil war. Rejecting the President Lincoln's offer to command the United States forces, Lee preferred to be the senior military adviser to President Jefferson Davis in the newly established Confederacy. The greatest of Lee's victories in the american civil war were the Seven Days Battles (from June 25 to July 1, 1862), the Second Battle of Bull Run (from Aug. 28 to Aug. 30, 1862), the Battle of Fredericksburg (Dec. 13, 1862), and the Battle of Chancellorsville (from April 30 to May 6, 1863), but both of his campaigns the american civil war to invade the North ended in failure.

Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was leading campaigns of the Union forces in the american civil war in 8164. He has several bloody battles against Lee till April 9, 1865, when Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House. This surrender marked the fall of Confederacy and victory of the North in the american civil war.